T. Balasubramaniam began his career as a Kirkby trained teacher in 1960 and has been involved in industrial relations since 1961 when he was Secretary of MTUC Terengganu Division.
After obtaining a Second Class Upper Honours in Social Science (Econs) with distinction in Industrial Relations, he joined the Malayan Council of Employers Organisations (MCEO) as the Deputy Secretary in 1976.
With the dissolution of MCEO in 1978, he was appointed as Industrial Relations Advisor in MEF. While in MEF he obtained his LLB(Hons).
Following his retirement in 1996, he founded Meca Employers Consulting Agency in which he was the CEO and Principal Legal Advisor.
In December 2007, he retired from MECA but continues as Chairman and remains involved in an advisory capacity. He has served on the National Labour Advisory Council and has represented employers before the Industrial Court and Labour Court.
He has also served as a part-time lecturer in Labour Law at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, part-time tutor in Economics at University Malaya and in Quantitative Methods at Universiti Sains Malaysia.
He has conducted numerous courses on labour law and industrial relations for the past 42 years. He has authored four previous books on labour law.